WHERE PSYCHOLOGISTS WORK
Because psychologists perform such diverse tasks, they work in many different settings. Colleges and universities employ many psychologists to teach, do research, counsel students, and administer programs. Elementary and secondary schools are employers of school psychologists, and many high schools offer psychology courses that are taught by certified teachers with education in the field.
Many trained clinical or counseling psychologists and some doctoral-level school psychologists maintain independent practices through which they provide services to individuals, couples, and families. Besides the benefits of independent work, private practice involves all of the challenges of operating a small business. Other clinical or counseling psychologists perform similar work but are employed by hospitals, mental health clinics, college counseling centers and other human service agencies.
Businesses and industries also employ a large number of psychologists. Advanced training in a variety of subfields of psychology, such as clinical, personnel, and industrial/organizational psychology, prepares graduates to work in organizations as trainers, personnel managers, and designers of selection, pay and management programs.
Federal, state, and local governments employ psychologists in many different roles. Some assess and provide therapy for individual clients of government programs. Still others work in public policy, helping to write laws and design programs that pertain to human services.